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2014年武汉大学博士研究生入学考试试题

时间:11-10来源:文彦教育在线 作者:武汉大学考研网
一、叫兽篇 
 
原文大意讨论叫兽的各种类型提出一些作者自己对叫兽应该怎么教育学生的
 
看法。 
 
题目1、作者认为a lot of professors 是怎样的 
 
1忘了2change minds with students 3XXX students’ growth 4help 
 
students achieve their goals 
 
2、忘了 考 pick themselves up 等 这句话的意思 benefit for one’s all lifetime  
 
3、词汇题应选A Dull意为这种叫兽是麻木性的容易被学生忘记 
 
4、忘了 
 
二、离婚篇 
 
原文It is easier to get divorced today than in times past, but it is no less painful. 
 
Studies have shown that both men and women suffer significant stress at two key 
 
points: before the decision to divorce and at the time of the final separation. Poor 
 
health, difficulty in sleeping and working, loneliness, depression, anxiety, lowered 
 
self-esteem, and impaired memory are all associated with the divorce process. In 
 
their study of 252 men and women currently undergoing a divorce, David A. 
 
Chiriboga and Loraine Cutler found that They found that men were more 
 
vulnerable to stress than women. At the same time, close to 50 percent of both 
 
men and women reported that they felt some relief as a result of having initiated 
 
the divorce process. 
 
  The children of a couple planning to divorce also share in the pain, especially 
 
immediately following the separation. In their study of family breakup, Judith S. 
 
Wallerstein and Joan B. Kelly found that parents rarely prepare their children for 
 
the coming crisis, nor do they privide them with the necessary assurances that 
 
they will be cared for. Preoccupied by their personal problems, the parents are 
 
often insensitive to their children's anger, fear or perplexity. When divorce 
 
necessitates that the mother go to work, the child may be placed in unfamiliar 
 
child care arrangements, and both mother and father become substantially less 
 
available. The first year following a divorce is typically the most stressful for the 
 
parents and for the child. In the long run, however, divorce is not necessarily 
 
psychologically damaging to children, particularly when both parents remain 
 
accessible and loving. 
 
  Whatever the pain that divorce inflicts, it does not seem to sour people on the 
 
institution of marriage. A fourth of the people who get divorced are remarried 
 
within the year, and 75 percent remarry within nine years of divorce. About five 
 
of every six divorced men and three of every four divorced women marry again. 
 
One reason that men are more likely to remarry than women is that men typically 
 
marry younger women. When we consider that by age twenty-seven women 
 
begin outnumbering men, we can see how middle-aged and older men have a 
 
larger pool of potential partners from which to choose than do women. In sum,
while marriage may be difficult to sustain, it is certainly not going out of style. 
 
31. According to the passage, women suffer significant stress when ____. 
 
A. they are forced to leave their children 
 
B. the property is divided 
 
C. making up their mind to get a divorce 
 
D. going to a court 
 
32. According to the passage, one who is getting a divorce can suffer all the pains 
 
except ____. 
 
A. impaired memory 
 
B. weight lost 
 
C. lowered self-esteem 
 
D. depression 
 
33. According to the passage, all have a share in the process of adivorce except 
 
____. 
 
A. husband 
 
B. wife 
 
C. child 
 
D. grandparents 
 
34. The passage implies that in the first year after a divorce children may suffer 
 
____. 
 
A. psychological stress 
 
B. physiological stress 
 
C. physical stress 
 
D. psychosis 
 
35. According to the passage, the percentage of remarrying man is higher than 
 
that of the women by ____. 
 
A. 25 % 
 
B. 75 % 
 
C. 8 % 
 
D. 27% 
 
  31. C 
 
  32. B 
 
  33. D 
 
  34. A 
 
  35. C   
 
注该题目变更较大 
 
根据群友反馈武大试题的正确答案为CCAC或CCCC其中第三题存在争议
 
题目大意为离婚对小孩的影响。 
 
 
 
三、时尚篇 
 
原文: 
 
                           What Is Fashion  
 
    Fashion is something we deal with every day. Even people who say they don
 
‘t care what they wear choose clothes every morning that say a lot about them and how they feel that day.  
 
    One certain thing in the fashion world is change. We are constantly being sho
 
wered with new fashion ideas from music, videos, books, and television. Movies al
 
so have a big impact on what people wear. Ray-Ban sold more sunglasses after th
 
e movie Men in Black. Sometimes a trend is worldwide. Back in the 1950s, teenage
 
rs everywhere dressed like Elvis Presley.   
 
    Fashion and styles reveal what groups people are in, but they also create ster
 
eotypes and distance between groups. For instance, a businessman might look a
 
t a boy with green hair and multiple piercings (耳环孔) as an outsider. But to anot
 
her person, the boy behaves strictly suitably. He dresses a certain way to deliver th
 
e message of rebellion (叛逆) and separation, but within that group, the look is un
 
iform. Acceptance or rejection of a style is a reaction to the society we live in.   
 
    Fashion is a language which tells a story about the person who wears it. ―Cl
 
othes create a wordless means of communication that we all understand,‖ accord
 
ing to Katherine Hamnett, a top British fashion designer. Hamnett became popula
 
r when her T-shirts with large messages like ―Choose Life‖ were worn by sever
 
al rock bands.  
 
Fashion is an endless popularity contest. High fashion is the style of a small grou
 
p of men and women with a certain taste and authority in the fashion world. Peopl
 
e of wealth and position, buyers for major department stores, editors and writer
 
s for fashion magazines are all part of High Fashion. Some of these expensive an
 
d often artistic fashions may triumph and become the fashion for the larger major
 
ity. Most stay on the runway. 
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